17th Century


Liverpool timeline snippets you just need to know!

 

  • 1600 – Population about 1,000
  • 1600 – William Fazakerley of Kirby buried at Walton St Mary’s – grave still there
  • 1603 – Toxteth Park brought under cultivation by Molyneux family
  • 1605 – Sir Richard Molyneux had purchased Toxteth Park from the 6th Earl of Derby.
  • 1615 – Tuebrook House built- still exists – West Derby Rd
  • 1611 – Ancient Chapel of Toxteth built appointing the 15 year old Richard Mather as the master of the attached school, and preacher in 1618. Church rebuilt in 1774, school demolished 1841
  • 1618 – Liverpool now records 24 ships – 462tons. This is double that of 1565
  • 1620 – Everton tenants successfully assert the rights of their vill as a distinct district from West Derby
  • 1625 – Fall Well – St Johns Lane (site of Wetherspoons now) by 1635 taken over by council
  • 1625 – John Moore is MP for Liverpool
  • 1626 – A new charter from Charles I incorporates the borough – right to pass legislation for borough subsequent mayors to be elected on St Lukes Day, 18th Oct.
  • 1628 – Charles I sells the royal estates in Liverpool to Corporation of London
  • 1632 – Sir Richard Molyneux buys lordship of Liverpool for £450
  • 1635 – Quay and harbour constructed in Pool
  • 1639 – Jeremiah Horrocks of Toxteth makes the first observation of the transit of Venus
  • 1640 – from here onwards merchants started to invest in Liverpool and it started to grow in importance
  • 1642 – Becomes a garrison town – Civil War: held for King by aristocrtas Stanleys/Molyneuxs
  • 1642 – William Stanley 6th Earl of Derby dies
  • 1643 – Parliamentarians defeat Royalists in Liverpool, Colonel Assheton , fleet stationed in port
  • 1644 – Prince Rupert siege of Liverpool 13th June – (Ruperts Cottage, Everton) Royalists. Caryll Molyneux (Royalist sympathiser) betrays town by advising Rupert. Batteries are erected along the line of Lime St. Parliamentarian Colonel John Moore flees from castle to the Isle of Mann. The siege lasts 2 months before retaken by Parliamentarians 1st Nov (Oliver Cromwell). Colonel John Moores blockades Mersey to starve out Royalists in castle Aug – Nov. The original town seal is ‘lost’
  • 1646 – Battlements repaired
  • 1647 – Liverpool becomes a free port not tied to Chester
  • 1648 – First American cargo arrives – 30tonnes of tobacco
  • 1648 – Pool Bridge is in place – (junction of Paradise St/College Lane as is)
  • 1651 – Plague – 200 persons died and were buried in Sickman’s lane, now Addison street.
  • 1651 – James 7th Earl of Derby is beheaded at Bolton by Parliamentarians for his part in The 1644 Massacre of Bolton
  • 1653 – Cromwell confiscates the lordship and grants it to the Corporation
  • 1654 – Battlements removed – gates and mud walls erected during 1644 siege removed
  • 1654 – First attempts at public street lighting with candles/lanterns
  • 1654 – Tithebarn St paved, new road to Everton
  • 1655 – Governership conferred on Colonel Gilbert Ireland
  • 1660 – Stanley and Molyneux regain their estates
  • 1663 – Corporation bans anymore ship building in Frog Lane (now Whitechapel)
  • 1664 – Population still lower than Wigan, Preston, Chester
  • 1667 – The Antelope sails in from Barbados – first record of sugar imports
  • 1667 – Sugar refinery north side of Dale St (Moorfields/Cheapside) Mr Smith from London.
  • 1668 – Lord St laid out by Caryl Molyneux (formerly part of castle orchard). He wants to build a bridge across the Pool but council object – The people send Edward Marsh and James Whitefield to knock it down
  • 1668 – Moor St cut out
  • 1668 – Unitarian Chapel founded in Castle Hey (now Harrington St) – 1727 to Benns Garden
  • 1669 – George Fox, founder of Quakerism, visits Liverpool
  • 1670 – Town extended over The Pool and new streets laid out on The Heath
  • 1670 – Customs House in Moor Street, 1680 relocated to Water St
  • 1671– Lord St Bridge across pool at end of Lord St across Whitechapel to Church St (by Molyneux) – houses start to be erected around area of St Peters
  • 1672 – Molyneux leases Lordship of Liverpool to Corporation/burgesses for 1000 years at £30p.a. the subsequent development of the common greatly increases the corporation’s wealth and ability to invest in the docks etc.
  • 1674 – Town hall rebuilt – on site of High Cross – rebuilt 1754
  • 1674 – Hackins Hey and Lancelot Hey, laid out
  • 1676 – James St laid out, Fenwick St, Red Cross St (1677)
  • 1676 – New Charter from Charles II obtained by the Tory council taking more powers from the wider burgesses – transferred the right of electing the mayor, bailiffs and common councillors from the freemen to the members of the self-selected common council
  • 1677 – Quakers Alley laid out
  • 1678 – Sir Edward Moore dies, succeeded by Cleave More, family leaves in 1712
  • 1676 – Now 12 ships regularly trading with Barbados, tobacco trade starts with Virginia
  • 1678 – St Chads Church Kirkby built, rebuilt 1871
  • 1680 – First recorded brewer – William Furnival – Water Street
  • 1680 – Third Customs House – south corner of Strand/Water St
  • 1683 – Mention of a ferry boat from Sir Thomas Buildings across pool, also bridge over Lord St
  • 1683 – Corporation erects hazard marker on Black Rock reef – Perch Rock
  • 1684 – Twelve almshouses were built by David Poole near the foot of St johns Gardens/top of Dale St
  • 1685 – The King’s Regiment (Liverpool) – one of the oldest infantry regiments of the British Army
  • 1690 – Port again used for transport of troops to Ireland – (King William of Orange sails from Parkgate/Hoylake to Ireland)
  • 1690 – Rope-walks start to become a feature of Liverpool, number of ships growing quickly
  • 1692 – Almshouse on Shaw’s Brow – Dr Richmond – as an annex to Pooles – see 1684 above
  • 1694 – Mersey made navigable to Warrington by efforts of Mr Patten of Bank Hall, Warrington
  • 1695 – Revised Charter issued by King William III – 26th Sept. Ambiguities in this charter cause issues for many years between the corporation and the ‘common hall’ of freemen/burgesses. The charter was the centre of many disputes up until 1714
  • 1697 – Many more streets now in existence – 28
  • 1697 – Salt Refinery – close to The Strand – John Blackburne
  • 1698 – Elections return – William Norris MP and William Clayton MP
  • 1698 – Parliament’s decision to end London-based Royal African Company’s official monopoly in England on the triangular slave trade. By 1750, 43% of all British slave ships were sailing from Liverpool, rising to 79% by the time trade was abolished in 1807
  • 1698 – Celia Fiennes visits Liverpool
  • 1699 – Liverpool claims to be the third port of England. Gains separate Customs authority from Chester
  • 1699 – Liverpool becomes a separate parish from Walton

From the late 17th century onwards, a major shipbuilding industry developed around Liverpool itself. At least thirty-six wooden warships were built in Liverpool for the Royal Navy between 1741 and 1811

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13th-to-16th-Century

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